8 History: Critical Thinking Questions

bookWe will be going into more depth today on our new, happy sounding topic, The Black Death.

Part of the Multi-Touch Book will ask you to answer some Critical Thinking Questions, I want you to add your responses to those questions as a comment on this post.

Don’t worry, I will talk about these in class first.

notepad

“Using the Interactive Map, resources in the Multi-Touch Book and your own research answer these following critical thinking questions”

  1. What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?
  2. What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe?
  3. How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?
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35 thoughts on “8 History: Critical Thinking Questions

  1. 1) Spain and many of the Eastern European countries were spared in the time of the Black Plague. Many of the coastal areas of Spain were affected as boats with people carrying the plague would try to get off but most of the inland was unaffected.
    The reason why many of the countries that were unaffected were unaffected was because they were out of the way of the major trade routes of the time.
    The major trade routes through Europe to Asia were covered with the plague as many people would trade in that area.
    The countries that were largely unaffected stayed out of those trade routes. They did not interact much with the larger populated heavily plagued countries. They did not have medicine so the medieval times so if they had the plague were goners.

    2) Back in the 1300’s the church was the political centre of Europe. The church was the most respected and owned the most land in Europe at that time. During the plague, though, many people lost faith in the church as lots of people believed that the league was sent as a punishment from God. The church had no answer to this and they were set back.
    Politics at the time of the plague were practically stopped. At the time they had the Feudal System, where the king was next to God. When the people lost faith in the church, they lost faith in the king, causing Europe to crumble. The plague killed a third of the world’s population at that time, meaning that many of the higher figure-heads would have died or caught the plague.

    3) Back in the medieval times of 1300’s, the medicine was not a technologically advanced as it is now. If a plague was to outbreak today, doctors and scientists would be on the case right away, trying to cure the world. Back in those days, the smartest doctors were not as smart as people made them out to be.
    They believe many crazy things back in the times of the plague and many of their ideas did not work on those people affected.
    This plague could not have been cured by those standards and the plague was just there for a few years. Their medicinal technology needed to be updated but they did not have the technology back then to do that. Nowadays we have the same problem with AIDS. Although it is not infecting the whole world, it is still a nuisance. Our scientists are that one step away from solving the world’s illness’.

  2. 16 September 2013 SECTION 1 – THE BLACK DEATH, p. 5
    What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?

    Places such as the middle of Spain, Poland, and Eastern Europe had little or no effect from the plague, because all these places weren’t along major trade routes. Therefore there weren’t many major towns and a lot of people lives separate. Therefore they had little or no contact with people with the Black Death. And nobody really went to those countries, so the plague never really came there in the first place, and couldn’t spread if it did.

    16 September 2013 SECTION 1 – THE BLACK DEATH, p. 5
    What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe?

    In the medieval times, you have to remember that the church pretty was pretty much all the politics. And after the Black Death, a lot of people lost faith In Christianity because they thought god was punishing them, or there was no god because if there was one, he would have stopped the plague.

    So when people loses faith in both god and the church, the church loses significant power and the (just about) political centre of Europe, loses power.

    16 September 2013 SECTION 1 – THE BLACK DEATH, p. 5
    How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?

    With modern day technology, and hygienic recourses. It is much harder to speed diseases.

    Back in the 14th century, there was no science or medicine, so they only had ideas from priest on what the cause mite be (a couple of the blamed it on “Jupiter Saturn and mars being lined up” so they didn’t have any idea how the plague was spread, so they couldn’t stop the spread.

    These days we all keep our living spaces and ourself hygienic and germ free to help prevent sickness, and if we found out there was a plague, then we could quickly quarantine all the people and use proper resources to find an antidote and make sure it doesn’t happen again.
    From sam

  3. One major place that should have been very affected by the black plague was Spain. One reason why Spain was spared was the French alps. They separate Spain and France. The alps may have been so cold and difficult to cross that no one with the disease could reach spain and spread the disease.
    People before the Black Death trusted the church to provide answers for all problems. But when the Black Death occurred

  4. 1)
    The area’s that were spared from the disease was, Nuremberg & Mountpellet. The reason why theses areas were unaffected is because it was to cold.

  5. The areas of Europe that were spared from the disease was because the disease has a certain temperature in which it thrives. If the weather is to hot or cold then it cannot spread. Another reason is that the places are not very populated or they communities are not visited a lot.

    What happened with the plague is that killed anyone and a lot of people so what happened is that the lower class said that they didn’t want to farm because the land any more so they took the places of the nobles,kings and etcetera. Tis changed the social class entirely and because there were peasants with different opinions in positions of power the political system changed as well.

    • The areas of Europe that were spared from the disease was because the disease has a certain temperature in which it thrives. If the weather is to hot or cold then it cannot spread. Another reason is that the places are not very populated or they communities are not visited a lot.

      What happened with the plague is that killed anyone and a lot of people so what happened is that the lower class said that they didn’t want to farm because the land any more so they took the places of the nobles,kings and etcetera. Tis changed the social class entirely and because there were peasants with different opinions in positions of power the political system changed as well.

      The modern day diseases are similar to the Black Death in the fact that how fast it spreads and the way it can be spread. The differences are the symptoms and how lethal they are. The Black Death Is a very lethal disease and people with Aids usually live to around 50 years of age. So we are lucky not to have a disease like the black death in our days.

  6. 1. Jerusalem didn’t get the disease which was why the Christians and Europeans thought that the Jews poisoned the water to create this disease. The Jews didn’t interact with the people within Europe which kept them healthy. They were also on the outskirts of Europe where the disease was spreading.

    Spain was also not affected by the disease because it was out of the way of many big trade routes. People carried it on boats but Spain was to far inland which kept them healthy of the disease.

    2. The social effects upon the development of Europe was that it broke many families. Families would leave sick relatives to die.
    Politically, law and order and other essential services collapsed.
    Because crops weren’t being grown people died from hunger aswell as the disease . This also led to no money. Also livestock died which left no meat or clothing.

    3. I think diseases are different now because we have medicines and doctors to find a cure. If a person was to catch a deadly disease they are put in special dorms were only people with suits are aloud to enter.
    We also catch diseases faster and when we do catch a disease we find the cure before it spears or creates other diseases within one.

  7. Which parts of europe Didnt get infected ??

    Jerusalem didn’t get the disease which was why the Christians and Europeans thought that the Jews poisoned the water to creat the disease. The Jews didn’t interact with other people very often which kept them healthy they were also on the outskirts of Europe where the disease was spreading.
    Spain and many other parts of Eastern Europe didn’t get the disease because it was out of the way of many trade routs people carried t on boats but Spain was to far inland which kept them healthy.

    What political and social affects did it have on Europe??

    Law and order and other essential services collapsed
    Family’s were torn apart because they would leave sick and infected members of the family to fend for them selfs ad dies so the remaining would not be infected.
    Because crops weren’t being tended to there was less food to be sold meaning less money being made so the value of both food and money went up but also because there was less food being grown more people were dying from starvation. Also live stock were getting infected so that would spread the disease faster.

    How did the spread of the Black Death compare to disease theses days??

    I think we are much more prepared for infection deseases these days because we have cures for man diseases and if we don’t have a cure for it we put money int labs so they can find cures for it. Also in hospitals when a patient has and highly infectious disease they are put into a room and no one is allowed to enter unless they are wearing the proper protective gear and diseases don’t travel as fast we also have ways to stop the, from spreading.

    I did theses questions outside.

  8. North of Europe Because it was cold and east of Europe maybe because some people had stronger immune system

    Everyone came together and the disease jump to someone else and then to a another person and so on

    Everyone quit there jobs and then the peasants said I want to do that job

  9. 1. Places such as Norway, Sweden and Russia were spared because the temperature was too low for the microbe to survive.

    2. It set back the development of Europe and made everyone unsure about their religious beliefs. There was a lot of confusion and a lot of cures that didn’t work. People questioned everything they knew, taking a big chunk out of the development.

    • 3. Thanks to modern medicine the outcome of most epidemics is way less evil then the plague. AIDS does have 34 million people with it but because of our medicine, not many people die from it. Plus, we have such a big population that 34 million is only 2% of the population. SARS is minuscule compared to AIDS with only around 8000 known cases.

  10. Q1. What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?

    The parts of Europe that where spared where places that where cold because the disease was unable to spread in places under the comfortable temperature of 37°c. The other parts that where not affected where places that were hard to get to like Spain because of the alps and Norway because of the snow and the temperature.

    Q2.

    The political effect was huge because the church who had most of the power and control but when the church couldn’t do anything they started being questioned by the public. Then the social effect was huge because of all the death lots of jobs opened so more peasants were doing different jobs that they would never normally do.

    Q3.

    The spread of the Black Death is way worse than the spread of the Aids or SARS because these diseases are not as strong and have to change and require a different type of spreading then just mean contact with other humans you must have a intimate relationship.

  11. What Area of Europe were Spared of this Disease. Why?

    Some part of Europe were spared of this disease because there climate was too cold. The disease worked best at the temperature of 37.5°C. Which happens to be the average temperature of a healthy human. So if the climate was colder the humans average temperature in that area would’ve been lower. The disease struggled to settle in the humans because it was colder…

  12. What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?
    All the cold areas of Europe did not get the Black Death. This is because the microbe that spreads the Black Death likes a temperature of 37°C (ironically the temperature of a healthy human) to live in. So when it ‘migrated’ to the cooler climates it was just two cold to live in.
    The areas that were of the main trading rout also escaped the disease. This is because if the places that were off the trading routs didn’t come into contact with anyone carrying the disease so the disease didn’t spread.

    What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe
    Some of the political effects that the Black Death had were that people started to loose belief in the church. This is because the church said that the Black Death was caused because people were bad and sinned, so their punishment was getting the disease. So people changed their ways and started to be good. When they were being good and they still got the disease they started to question the church. This also made the church loose some power. Some of the social effects of the Black Death were that Europe lost much of its genetic diversity because so many people died. Because there was a small population in Europe to start off with, the Black Death caused a genetic bottle neck. This means that even today in Europe there is said to be a lack of genetic diversity which can be traced back to the Black Death.

    How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?
    The Black Death compares to a modern infectious disease of today as slow. In all it took four years to reach Europe when today it could take as little as a week to spread across the world. It took so long in the 1300s because they had to sail across the sea to get around the world. Today we can fly and be at England in two days time. So sailing is a lot slower than flying.
    A few years back we had a pandemic of swine flew. All the doctors were trying to find a cure but they could not find one quick enough and nobody who was feeling sick could travel out of China. It think that may have been a brief glimpse of what the Black Death must have been like.

  13. In the 13th and 14th centuries about 1/3 of the European population were killed by the Black Death. The Black Death originated in Asia. Asia had many spices and silks that the Europeans wanted so they would trade. The Black Death was very contagious so when they were trading the plague was passed over to the Europeans. Pretty much the whole of Europe was infected apart from the villages that were not on the trade routes. Such as Nuxemberg.

    Because of the plague no one could really communicate with each other because it was so contagious. Also the whole of Europe was pretty much like a dumpster for dead bodies and sick people.

    The Black Death could just be spread by communications with each other therefor it was very easy to catch. However a disease such as aids can be spread through like blood. So it is much harder to catch.

    I went and read the book and did this by myself.

  14. What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?

    Parts of Asia had the Black Death diseases and germs all through them. When the countries traded all of their goods for other counties, eg, Asia to Europe, people carried the disease and spread it as they went to trade their goods.
    Black Death got from Asia to Europe and affected nearly 1/3 of the population at the time. Around 40% of the English population die.
    It was mostly Southern Europe that was affected with the disease that was carried from Asia.

    What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe?

    Th Black Death was an affect on social actions because people wouldn’t want to go near one another. They would be scared to touch each other because they would be scared that they would catch the disease.
    Friends wouldn’t want to talk to each other and many people would loose friendships as soon as they found out that their friend had the Black Death disease.

    How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?

    Black Death is different to AIDS because it could be carried from one person to another by just a cough or a sneeze or something. You wouldn’t even have to touch the person with the Black Death disease to catch it. It would just be through the air. It would be carried through rats and fleas and it would block of the fleas digestive system to make it hungry so then it would go to drink the blood of a human and spread the disease to the human.

    I went out by myself and read the book and answered the question without any help from Mr. Garcia. I think that this worked well.

  15. “What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?” Some areas of Europe that were spared from the disease were, Turkey, Greece, Spain and Russia and the main reasons why they didn’t get the disease was because the countries were either to hot or to cold. Another reason was trade, those spared counties may not be in contact with the diseased countries.

    “What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe?” Some effects were that nobody wanted to communicate anymore because they might get diseased, also another effect was that the trade slowed down because so many people died. Another massive effect was that because so many people died it took so long for the people to repopulate.

    “How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?” In the 1300s, infectious diseases would spread a lot slower then today because today transport is much faster for example planes compared to walking. Also the rate the infectious diseases today is slowed down because of medicine to treat the diseases.

  16. One major place that should have been very affected by the black plague was Spain. One reason why Spain was spared was the French alps. They separate Spain and France. The alps may have been so cold and difficult to cross that no one with the disease could reach spain and spread the disease.
    People before the Black Death trusted the church to provide answers for all problems. But when the Black Death occurred the church could not answer people’s questions. The people the church tried to help died and others lost faith in the church. This carried on to after the Black Death finished and lowered the power that the church held over the people.
    The Black Death was spread from fleas to humans but diseases such as AIDS are spread from human to human. The Black Death practically means that if you get it you will die, but with diseases like AIDS you are more likely to survive if it doesn’t get too serious.

  17. “What areas of Europe were spared the disease? Why?”

    Some areas of Europe were spared from the Black Death. I think this is because of some areas of Europe were individual and did not have contacts with other places. They were separated from the rest of Europe and were not as effected.

    “What political and social effects did the plague have upon the development of Europe”

    After the plague there was a huge change on the dependency of religion. Before the Black Death the average person’s life was focused around religion. They were born in a society were the church had a very high power. The church was their only solution to life. Once the plague struck, people thought that it was god punishing them. In these dark times, they would walk through the streets, whipping themselves to show to god that they were truly sorry. After the years of the plague, people started to hate god. Either he stood there and did nothing to save them, or he caused all their pain and suffering. This caused people to focus on science as their answer instead of religion.

    “How did the spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS?”

    The Black Death and AIDS or SARS were both spread by close human to human contact. I think people are more prepared for these modern diseases then they were back them.

    I did these questions inside.

  18. 1. Spain and many other parts of Eastern Europe didn’t get the disease because it was out of the way of many trade routs people carried The Black Death on boats but Spain was to far inland which kept the disease away. Jerusalem didn’t get the disease which was why the Christians and Europeans thought that the Jews poisoned the water to creat the disease. The Jews didn’t interact with other people very often which kept them healthy they were also on the outskirts of Europe where the disease was spreading.

    2. Law and order and other essential services collapsed. Families were ripped apart because they would leave sick and infected members of the family to fend for them selfs ad dies so the remaining would not be infected. Crops weren’t being tended to, so there was less food to be sold meaning less money being made so the value of both food and money went up but also because there was less food being grown more people were dying from starvation. Also live stock were getting infected so that would spread the disease faster.

    3. I think we are much more prepared for infectious diseases, these days because we have cures for human diseases and if we don’t have a cure for it we put money into labs so they can find cures for it. Also in hospitals when a patient has a highly infectious disease they are put into a room and no one is allowed to enter unless they are wearing the proper protective gear. Diseases also don’t travel as fast because we have ways to stop them from spreading.

  19. Spain, Norway, Sweden, small areas in France and Russia weren’t effected by the Black Death. They Black Death thrived in an average temperature of 37°c so when the temperature was too cold the Black Death wouldn’t survive. Spain was partially out of the way of the big trade routes so the disease wasn’t spread there. The only places around Spain the got effected were the costal areas.

    When the Black Death arose in Europe people turned to the church for answers. The church would tell the people false accusations but the people beloved them anyway. When everyone found that what the church was saying was false, they turned against it.
    Because one third of the population of Europe died a lot of jobs were available. Peasants stopped farming and started working in places that would give them better pay. The villages suddenly had no food and farming places because the farmers were doing different jobs.

    Today most diseases have been discovered and have a cure for it. So if someone gets a disease it is easy for them to get better. We also know how the diseases are spread so it is rare for it to spread very far. When the Black Death started to infect people no one knew what it was. Most disease hadn’t been discovered and there weren’t many cures. The disease would easily spread because people didn’t know how it spread from person to person.

  20. Q1.

    Spain, Jerusalem and many other parts of Eastern Europe did not get effected. Spain was too far inland and far out of the way of the main trade routes. This kept them healthy. The Jews lived on the out skirts of Europe and did not interact with people there for very little got the disease. The Europeans accused the Jews of poisoning their water supply because so little were getting the disease.

    Q2.

    This disease had many political and social effects. For starters, families were torn apart forced to leave loved ones behind for fear that the disease would spread to them. Many jobs were left vacant some being farming. Crops were not tendered to resulting in little food.

    Q3.

    We are much more prepared for diseases these days. Having very advanced science and technology we have developed cures for serious diseases.

  21. 1. Jerusalem didn’t get the disease which was why the Christians and Europeans thought that the Jews poisoned the water to create the disease. The Jews didn’t interact with other people very often which kept them healthy. They were also on the outskirts of Europe where the disease was spreading.
    Spain and many other parts of Eastern Europe didn’t get the disease because it was out of the way of many trade routes.
    Many other countries didn’t get the disease because it was too cold for the disease to spread as the disease had to be in warm areas.

    2. Law and order and other essential services collapsed.
    Family’s were torn apart because they would leave sick and infected members of the family to fend for themselves and die so the remaining would not be infected.
    Crops weren’t being tended to, because the people who had those jobs were dying, there was less food to be sold meaning less money being made so the value of both food and money went up and people were more prone to dying of starvation because they couldn’t afford enough food. Also live stock were getting infected so that would spread the disease when people ate meat.

    3. I think we are much more prepared for infection diseases these days as we have more intelligent scientists and can donate money into finding cures. In hospitals when a patient has and highly infectious disease, they are put into a room and no one is allowed to enter unless they are wearing the proper protective gear.

    Done inside.

  22. 1)
    The area’s that were spared from the disease was, Nuremberg & Mountpellet. The reason why theses areas were unaffected is because it was to cold.

    2)
    The political and social effects that the plague had upon the development of Europe. The plague, though, many people lost faith in the church as lots of people believed that the league was sent as a punishment from God.Then the social effect was huge because of all the death lots of jobs opened so more peasants were doing different jobs that they would never normally do.

    3)
    The spread of the plague in the 1300s compare to modern infectious diseases such as AIDS or SARS cause the medicine was not as advanced as it is now. If a plague was to outbreak today, doctors and scientists would be on it straight away to cure the world.

  23. The areas of Europe that were spared from the Black Death included Spain, Russia, Poland and a lot of Eastern Europe. Many of these places were spared because of the weather conditions there, the micro organisms that carried the disease could not survive or spread in very cold weather. Russia and Poland are very cold so none of the organisms would cross there but Spain was very warm and the organisms could easily strive there. The reason other countries couldn’t spread to Spain was because the French Alps that surround Spain are very cold, and so no one would cross that path just to get to Spain.

    Before the Black Death occurred, the Church had the trust of everyone and had very high power. However, during the Black Death and after it all the people that trusted the Church questioned their power and stopped believing in them because they couldn’t give the world the right answers. So many people died that the lower classes (peasants) decided to work in much ‘higher’ classed jobs. Suddenly there was very little food because the farmers stopped to find these ‘higher’ classed jobs.

    Compared to modern diseases like Aids or Sars, the Black Death was very slow spreading. Back in the 1300s they didn’t have any fast forms of transport like the planes or cars we have, they had slow moving ships and horses so disease couldn’t spread as quickly. Today if we can spread a Phamdemic from one country to another in a matter of weeks but back then that took about a year. Although the Black Death was very slow spreading it didn’t mean that it was less deadly, if you got it you would die in a few days. With Aids it is less severe but will still do much damage.

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