8 History: Weekly Research Question!

picAE36683B06F62289B8A74C48CBAFE53AThis week you have been looking at the Feudal System setup by William the Conqueror.

(more details here: 8 History: The Feudal System, ‘Normanopoly’, Dennis The Constitutional Peasant & Resources from our last lesson (Class Recording) (Podcast))

England wasn’t the only country that had such a system. One similar also took place in Japan from the 12th to 19th century.

Your Weekly Research Question (WRQ – (c) MrDan Industries) is this:

What are the similarities between feudalism in Europe and feudalism in Japan?

The time of rule by shoguns and warlords in Japan is referred to as the Japanese feudal period. During the feudal period, as military rule took over, the emperor’s rule was restricted to religious matters. Feudalism in Japan lasted from the 12th until the 19th century. Its military-led warrior culture emerged partly in response to the threat of Mongol invasions in the 13th century. After Japan defeated the Mongols, a sense of national unity developed and the Japanese felt their culture was superior. Japan, however, had reaped no rewards from war, only debts; and unpaid samurai terrorised peasants to obtain money. The samurai drove the reigning Kamakura shoguns (1185-1333) from power, and the Muromachi shoguns (1333-1573) that followed them failed to maintain control. Provincial officials established themselves as warlords and fought each other in the Onin war (1467-1477), leading to the spread of feudal rule as the central government collapsed.

The WRQ can be completed any time this week and will be due on the first class the following week. You are free to conduct the research however you wish and your answer should be as a reply to this post. Feel free to comment on responses by your classmates.

You can use any kind of research you think is best, webpages, videos, etc. Your response should be in your own words and contain any references to other research. Any information I put in this post is just a guide and not intended to be used solely as your research.

We will discuss the Question and your Comments in class.

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29 thoughts on “8 History: Weekly Research Question!

  1. Feudalism in Japan and in England was very similar. At the top of the “pyramid” in Japan was the Emperor. The Emperor was simply a figure head, holding no real political power, he held more religious power. There was no equivalent to the Emperor in England. Next their was the Shogun who who a military Governor General who assumed the political power of the Emperor. He rules with the support of the Daimyo. The shogun is the equivalent of the King in England. Next was the Daimyo. They were land owners who swore allegiance to the shogun but were also very powerful. If they were loyal the shogun would grant them more land. If they were not loyal the shogun would take land away from them. They are the equivalent of Nobles in England. Next was the Samurai. They were warriors who swore allegiance to the Daimyo or the Shogun, in return for loyalty they were granted land. They are the equivalent of Knights in England. Next were the Peasants. They worked the land and made weapons. In return the Samurai gave them protection. They were the equivalent of peasants in Europe. At the bottom of the “pyramid” were the Merchants. They had low social status even though they may have been wealthy. There was no equivalent of Merchants in England.
    The Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai and Peasants were very much the same as England’s King, Nobles, Knights and Peasants. The real difference was the Emperor, who was seen more as a god than as a leader and the Merchants. It is said that to some degree confucianism had an influence on Japanese society. Confucius said the Merchants were not good because they profited from other peoples labor not there own. This is probably why they are at the bottom.

    http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/Feudalism/japanese_feudalism.htm
    http://veryasian.weebly.com/feudal-japan.html
    http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/japanese-feudalism-47
    http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=aZ4k4dtRgPw&desktop_uri=%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DaZ4k4dtRgPw
    …T

  2. Japanese Feudal System

    The Japanese Feudal System was between 1185 and 1603.
    The Emperor and the Shogun were the highest rank.

    The Emperor was worshipped by all people but held very little political power. He was treated like a God or a Goddess if it was a Empress.

    The shogun was the most powerful warlord, he commanded military and ruled over the country. He was like the King in England because he also commanded military and ruled over the land.

    The Daimyo was the next class down, they were warrior lords who served the shogun and controlled areas of land and ruled over all the people that lived there. They were like the bishops in England.

    The Samurai came next, they worked under the Daimyo, protecting them and fighting for them. They were given privileges such as being able to have a surname, a family crest and being able to carry two swords. In the English feudal system the Samurai was a knight, for he fought for the country. They both rode horses into battle, used swords and wore armour.

    Peasant were the lowest class, they were divided into three classes. Farmers were the highest peasants, the second highest was craftsmen and the lowest out of everyone was the merchants. In England they also had peasants but they only had one sort of them.

    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/a/Feudalism-In-Japan-And-Europe.htm

    http://medievaljapanmackennahura.weebly.com/japanese-feudal-system.html

  3. Feudal Japanese and European societies were built on a system of hereditary classes. The nobles were at the top, followed by warriors, with tenant farmers or serfs below. There was very little social mobility; the children of farmers became farmers, while the children of lords became lords and ladies.

  4. Feudalism is a class system. In England the top person was the king then the barons, next the nights and last the peasants. Europe wasn’t the only place that used the feudalism system Japan did also at the top was emperor, then the shoguns, next was the samurai and last was the peasants.

    The similaritys between Japan and Europe is the way the class system worked only in Japan the emperor was more like a figure head he had no real power. The shoguns were military dictators of Japan, they were the de facto rulers of Japan though they were usually picked by the emperor. The samurai were the military nobility to medeavle and early modern Japan. Last is the peasants, they were the people that worked in the dirt fields they were basically dirt farmers, they were treated as dirt and they were generally very poor and not so well off.

  5. Feudalism in Japan and in Europe were very similar…
    The feudal system in Europe went the King, next the Barons after the Barons were the Knights and finally the peasants. Japan’s feudal system was similar but a bit different it went the Emperor, then the Shoguns after the Shoguns were the Samurai and finally again the peasants.

    The similarities between Europe the system in Europe and Japan was the way they both had one ‘leader’. The King and the Emperor were both at the top only the King had everything he owned the land and basically everything on it. In Japan however the Emperor was very highly respected and worshipped but really did not have a great deal of power.

  6. The Feudal System in England was quite similar to what Japan had around the same time. In England there is a King then the Barons, the Knights and finally the Farmers/Peasants. In Japan there was an Emperor then the Shoguns, the Daimyo, the Samurai and then the Farmers/Peasants. The Emperor in Japan had no real control on the political side, as Tess said he is mainly a figure head. There was no English equivalent to the Emperor. The Shogun were the equivalents to an English king, they had all the political power. Next were the Daimyo, they were the equivalents to the Barons, they also had some power and owned the land. After that are the Samurai who are very similar to the Knights, they fought for their country and in return they receive some land. The Farmers/Peasants are pretty much the same. They are the lower classes which work for the King/Shogun.

  7. Feudalism is Japan and England was pretty much the same except for a few name changes like in England at the top is the king in Japan this would be the emperor which had no real political control as tests and Pham said it is mainly a figure head the japanese equivalent of the english king is the shogun which rules the land. Then you had the barons but if you where japanese you would have a daimyo which where the rich people who where also generally high up in power. then you have the warrior England had there knights and the Japanese has the fearsome samurai warrior.
    Then at the bottom of all of this is the peasants or common people who where farmers or merchants.

  8. The feudal system in England and Japan were very similar. Even though the two countries didn’t comunicate they both invented almost the same system.

    In Japan the emperor held no real politician power and instead was more religiouse. The emperor was more of a puppet figure. The Shogun was the equivalent of a king in Europe. They were the most powerful. The daimyo served the shogun and owned some areas of land. The Daimyo are the equivelant of a baron. The samurai were the nights of Japan they fought and protected the daimyo and shogun. The samurai had some privileges like being alowed to carry two swords at once. The peasants in Japan were the lowest rank. Unlike Europe there were different classes of them. The highest class were the farmers. The second class was the artisans and craftsmen. They would make the samuri’s weapons and armour. The last rank of peasants were the merchants.

  9. The similarities are not very different in Japan that it was to Europe, for Japan at the top is the emperor them the shogun and then the warriors and finally the farmers. In Europe there was the king then the barons after that the knights then tha peasants not very different other than the names

  10. While both Japan and England had feudalism, they weren’t exactly the same. They both have the same “pyramid” structure but they lack a high amount of similarities.

    The Middle Ages’ feudal system was very simple and easy to follow. In descending order, they were:

    The king: The man with all the power; what he said went (other wise you would be beheaded). He owned all the land and got all the money.
    The barons: They borrowed segments of the king’s land to own. They were allowed to keep it that way as long as they gave the king money and knights for his army.
    The knights: They used parts of the baron’s land to live on (see the pattern). They would be knights for the king and provide the baron with food in exchange for the loan.
    The peasants/villeins: They were at the bottom, the knights gave them the tiniest bit of land for them to farm on. The peasants didn’t really get anything the just had to farm and give the majority to the knights.

    And now for the interesting part, the Japanese feudal system; It was much more complex then the Middle Ages. In descending order:

    The emperor: He didn’t really have any power, he was just a figure head. A man that everyone else could look up to.
    The shogun: He was the real one with power. He was the military leader and had political control.
    The daimyo: They were the high-ranked samurai who provided the shogun with samurai and protection.
    The samurai: They worked for the daimyo and shogun. They lived in manors provided by the daimyo for their service.
    The ronin: These were disgraced samurai. Clans would fight and the losing clan’s samurai would have a choice. They could either commit seppuku (they would stab themselves in the stomach and then get their throat slit) or get disgraced and become ronin.
    Peasants: the farmers and fishermen.
    Artisans: the people who crafted things (particularly by hand) .
    Merchants: people who sold crafted objects and food.

  11. Both the European and Japanese feudal systems are very similar. They both have four classes and in each class they play the same role. At the top in Europe you would have the king who had all the power, in Japan this is known as the emperor. However the emperor didnt have all the power or political control he was more just a figure head.
    Then there are the barons which in Japan they would be the shogun. In Japan out of all the people they had the most power, they were like the king in Europe.
    Next came the knights in England and the daimyo in Japan. The daimyo were the equivalent of the bar and in England.
    Japan also had samurai warriors who fought in battles.
    Lastly both England and Japan had peasants who just worked on the farms and were pretty much like slaves.

  12. The emporers were first, they were at the very top. Although he didn’t really do the equivalent of an English king’s job, he was more of a figure head. The shoguns were more like a king, because they went to war, and led the army(they also had lots of power.)

    The Daimyo, they were sort of like a powerful general, they were also a little like the baron’s because they were the shoguns right hand men, and there was more than 1.

    The Samurai were the knights, the soldiers. They had some power, but not that much. They worked for the Daimyo.

    The Peasants were the same as the ones in the English feudal system. Although, they were separated into three classes within (depending on their value in society). The most valuable peasant’s were the farmers, because they fed everybody. The next were the craftsmen, because they built everything. And the lowest class overall was the merchants, who travelled delivering stuff.

    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/a/Feudalism-In-Japan-And-Europe.htm

  13. The feudal system in Japan and England were very simaliar. At the top was the king for England and the Emporer, but in Japan the person you had the power like the king was the shogun.

    The was the barons for England and the Daimyo for the japanese. These figures were very powerful and were like our politicians today had power, but not enough to change a rule or policy.

    Then there was the knights for England and the samurai Japan. These were the soilders and warriors that fought for the barons/daimyo.

    Then at last was the peasants for both England and Japan they were slaves for the knights/samurai, barons/daimyo and then the king/shogun.

  14. The English and Japanese feudal systems are similar in that they both gave grants of land for military service, and the social ladders were similar. After that point, they differ. In the English feudal system, to get grants of land one must swear an oath of fealty to one’s lord, but in the Japanese system that was not required. The military forces for both feudal systems lived by a code of honor but had different goals different goals. Japanese peasants had a little more freedom than the English peasants because they could own land. Both warrior classes fought by religion but differently, the knights for God’s glory and the Samurai for their own.

  15. The Feudal system that ran throughout Japan from 1185 to 1603 was very similar to the European Feudal system that ran a little time before it. They both had a leader, in Japan this was called an Emporer. He had little political power over the country but was treated like a god to the people.
    The next level on the system was the Daimyo. These people were powerful but were not loved as much by the people. The Daimyo could pass rules and regulations into the society.
    The third level were the knights. The Daimyo would give the knights land so then they could fight for the army, much like in England. The knights did not have as much power as the Emporer or Daimyo but they were respected for their bravery and courage in fights and wars.
    At the bottom were the peasants. They were treated much like the English peasants. They had little land to live on and they had to harvest many of the crops for the higher status’ in the country.

    Overall the Feudal system in Japan was a lot like the Feudal system in Japan. They both had levels, both starting with a king, then rule makers(politicians), thirdly the knights, which fought for the Emporer in wars, and at the bottom were the peasants, the slaves of the country.

  16. The feudal system in Japan and Europe were very similar. Japan’s feudal system was similar to Europe’s but just had different names for basically the same things. First came the Emperor. Who didn’t have as much power as a king in Europe, they were more religious. Next were the shogun. They were more powerful than they emperor. After that were the Daimyo. They were like the barons. The samurai were like the knights and protected the emperor and the shogun. And lastly were the peasants. They were the lowest rank in the feudal system, but they were separated into classes. Farmers were the highest class, then there were craftsmen who made weapons and the lowest class were the merchants. Merchants were considered unimportant although they were actually very important and they were disliked and feared by others.

  17. The English and Japanese feudal systems are similar in the way that they both gave small amounts of land for the reason of income and men for there army . They even had the same ranks in different names, for the Japanese it would start from emperors to shguns then warriors and finally farmers and for the English it was kings, barons, knights,farmers. So to conclude it was similar in the fact that they both had a ranking system to get more money and more Soilders. This benifited the kings and emperors greatly.

  18. The two feudal systems, Europe and Japan, are very similar. They both are controller by one person. In the Japanese feudal system, the emperor is more of a puppet controlled by the shogun. While in Europe it is controlled by one man. The class underneath it (barons or daimyo) both held land and had military power. The next class were the knights and samurai. They were controlled by the above class but had more land and power then the lower class, the peasants. The peasants in the Europe feudal system had little power. They were completely controlled by the knights. They had very little land and food. The Japanese feudal system had two sub sections of peasants. There were the farmers, who owned more land. The craftsman, who were middle class presents. All the way to the merchants, who were at the bottom of society and considered cheats and they were working of other people work.

    Europe had developed their system first at around the 9th century. Japan catching on as the feudal system was in its prime, around the 12th century. Both the systems focused on owning land. In Japan, the people below the emperor had more power then they did in Europe. One important similarities between Europe and Japan was that people born in a class could not move up a class.

    http://www.facts-about-japan.com/feudal-japan.html
    http://voices.yahoo.com/a-comparison-japanese-european-feudalism-819631.html
    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/p/ShogJapanClass.htm
    http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/Feudalism/japanese_feudalism.htm

  19. Some of the similarities between European and Japanese feudalism were in the levels into which society was split. Under European feudalism society was split into levels where the King was on top, Barons were below the King, Knights were below the Barons and Serfs and Peasants were on the bottom.
    In Japan society was also split into hereditary caste systems. The Emperor was technically at the top, followed by the Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, Peasants and the Merchants.
    Under both these systems mobility was not permitted. If you were born a Peasant in Europe you had no chance of becoming a Baron or Knight. Similarly if you were born a Samurai in Japan you had no hope of becoming a Shogun.
    Another similarity between the two systems is that they were both developed to protect the other social classes from danger. In Europe’s case at the fall of Rome in about 900 AD and in Japan’s case with the increased power of the daimyo class.

    http://Www.feudalsociety.weebly.com/feudalism.html
    http://www.helium.com/items/994399-comparison-of-japanese-and-european-feudalism

  20. The similarities between both Japanese and European fudalism are.

    Both had warriors. Warriors or knights were used for the battles they might have to fight or use to protect there towns. Both countries had the same hereditary system (the king at the top, Barron’s second, knight or warriors third and farmers last. Both knights or warriors ride on horses and had armor. They carried swords and shields. But the Japanese armor included leather, silk, and metal plates. Where as the English were immobilized from there armor being so heavy. It’s known that both kings used the farmers for money and used the knights or warriors to make them work and force the farmers to give them the money.

  21. Feudal European and Japanese societies were built on a system of hereditary classes. In both feudal Japan and Europe, constant warfare made warriors the most important class. Called “knights” in Europe and “samurai” in Japan, the warriors served local lords.

  22. The Feudal System that (confusingly) England and China both had was really similar despite the two countries are on different sides of the globe, but the systems had their differences too. It was basically impossible to change your rank that you were destined.

    In England our ranks were: (1 being the highest rank)

    1. King
    2. Barons
    3. Knights
    4. Peasants

    In Japan our ranks were:

    (The Emperor would technically be one but they are simply a figure head.)
    1. Shogun
    2. Daimyo
    3. Samurai
    4. Peasants

    In both the systems constant warfare made the Daimyo/Knights The most important, the protecters. They each had their ways to follow, The knights were supposed to follow the “Chivalry” while the Samurai were sworn to their ways, known as “Bushido” or “the Way of the Warrior”. They both wore armour, used swords and rode horses into battle. A Knight’s all metal armour was very heavy and made it hard to get off horses, almost immobilising them completely. Whereas a Samurai preferred there swift and quick armour consisting of lacquered leather/metal plates and silk/metal bindings, giving less protection yet more manoeuvrability.

    One of they key differences between these feudal systems was what they were based on. In England it was based on customs, the authority of the Catholic Church and Roman laws. In Japan it was moral based, based from on Chinese philosopher Confucius’ ideas. He stressed that one respects their elders and morality. The Samurai protect the villages and peasants in return for tax.

    The women of England and Japan were very different, Samurai women needed to face death with honer, without flinching and still be strong like men. English women were fragile and had to be protected.

    Source: http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/a/Feudalism-In-Japan-And-Europe.htm

  23. The feudal system in both Europe and Japan are quite similar. At the top there is the Emperor he does not really have much political power but instead he has a lot of religious power. Under the emporer is the Shogun, he has most of the political power and is the equivalent of the king in Europe. Next is the Daimyo they are like nobles or barons and they have lots of land and influence, they could gain land by being loyal and could loses land by being disloyal. Under the Daimya there was the samurai these where the soldiers and the equevelent of knights and worked for the Daimyo but in time of war fought for the emperor. The last class was the peasants they where basically the same in both Japan and Europe, they both had little money and land and had to pay taxes.

    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/a/Feudalism-In-Japan-And-Europe.htm

  24. The feudal system in Europe and in Japan are very similar, they have the same tiered system for power.

    The peasants take up the bottom and second are knights, third are the barons and the daimyo and last but not least are the kings and shoguns.

    The peasants farm the land and construct buildings, they are employed by knights so that the next their can make a profit. The knights and samurai are in fact very different.

    While both being the main compenent of an army they control very different amounts of power. The knight does not have much power because he is mainly controlled by the barons, while the samurai have a lot of power and could even advise the shogun on military issues.

    The barons are advisors to the king and help him in many of his diplomatic choices. They have a lot of power but not as much as the king

    Kings and shoguns control everything, they are in charge of controlling the country but can have their advisors assist them of some choices.

    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/p/ShogJapanClass.htm

  25. Sorry Mr Garcia I don’t think I was here when we did this. Sorry it’s a little late.
    The European and Japanese feudal systems are very much alike. They both have four stages of royalty, or power. In Europe, at the top of the charts, you have the king. The king was the most powerful person and what ever the king said, is what everyone else did. In Japan the person at the top is known as the emperor. Although the emperor seemed like a big job, they didnt have all the power. They were there mostly for the looks and title.
    In Europe the next in line would be the barons. In Japan they would be known as the shogun. In Japan the shogun was like a king in Europe. they had the most power and most people looked up to them.
    Next in line in England came the knights, and next in line in Japan came the daimyo. The daimyo, who were in Japan, were the equivalent of the baron, who were in Europe.
    Japan also had samurai warriors. These warriors were the people who fought in battles.
    In both England and Japan, the peasents were the lowest of them all. The peasants got not much at all, and they worked on farms, just like slaves.

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